What is CKD?
CKD, or Chronic Kidney Disease, is defined the presence of reduced kidney function for more than 3 months (no matter what the cause) OR the presence of ‘kidney damage’.
‘Kidney Damage’ includes:
- Pathologic abnormalities (diagnosed by a kidney biopsy)
- History of kidney transplantation.
- Urinary sediment abnormalities (found on urinalysis). For example, findings of RBC, WBC, granular or fatty casts
- Protein in urine, more specifically albumin in more than normal amounts.
- Abnormalities found on imaging (ultrasound, CT and MRI with or without contrast).
Symptoms of CKD
Possible findings in those with CKD
|Low GFR||Less than 60 mL/min|
|Anemia||Low kidney hormone production|
|Abnormal urine||Contains blood or protein|
|Abnormal CT scan or kidney ultrasound||Indicated by kidney size change or shadowing|
|Low blood calcium||Caused by low vitamin D production|
|Other diseases||Pathologic changes on kidney biopsy|