There are five stages of CKD.
GFR, mL/min per 1.73 m3
|1||Kidney damage with normal or increased GFR||> 90|
|2||Kidney damage with decreased GFR||60 – 89|
|3||Kidney damage with moderately decreased GFR||30 – 59|
|4||Kidney damage with severely decreased GFR||15 – 29|
|5||Kidney failure||< 15 or dialysis|
Causes of CKD (US)
Age (>65 years)
Too much alcohol
Low birth weight
Kidney stones & recurring UTIs
African American or other ethnic minorities
Why is it important to identify CKD?
Because your health is important! CKD can be managed once it’s caught. It can also lead to anemia, bone and heart disease. Patients with a low GFR (less than 30 mL/min) should learn how to preserve and maintain their kidney function. They should also seek education about both kidney dialysis and kidney transplant. It never hurts to have this information in your back pocket. It may just save your life.
Most patients are diagnosed through routine bloodwork which includes your creatinine and GFR. CKD may often progress without any obvious symptoms hence it is important to stay current your annual health checkups.