Approximately 10% of the US population will develop kidney stones, and half of these will have recurrent disease. There are several different types of kidney stones; however, 80% of kidney stones contain calcium. Have you ever wondered about kidney stones, and whether you might have one?
About Kidney Stones: Risk Factors
The risk factors for developing a kidney stone include:
- Advanced age
- Male Gender
- Caucasian race
- Reduced fluid intake
- Gastric bypass surgery
Kidney Stone Symptoms
Sometimes kidney stones may be asymptomatic and diagnosed with an incidental finding on imaging. They, however, can cause excruciating pain which often lands us in the ER.
When the stone moves it may result in pain migration which can be anywhere from the flank, abdomen or the groin region. Concomitant complaints include nausea, vomiting and occasionally blood may be noted in the urine.
Diagnosis for Kidney Stones
Definitive diagnosis is done by ultrasound or CT Scan. Once diagnosed your doctor will help you to come up with a treatment plan depending upon the type of stone and size.